Tax Registration in Zimbabwe

In terms of the 2023 Budget statement there was an emphasis on the obligation of taxpayers to register with the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (ZIMRA) for tax purposes. All taxpayers are mandated to register with ZIMRA within 30 days of being incorporated. This is in terms of the Income tax Act and failure to comply with this provision attracts a penalty of USD $30 per day. This means that for each day that a taxpayer was supposed to be registered but failed to do so, a penalty automatically becomes due and payable at a rate of USD$30 per day.

Tax registration is therefore an important facet of operating a business legally in Zimbabwe. Registration with the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority is very easy when you are working with the right people. At Sabarm Business Solutions the process is made very convenient and efficient and immediately after registration we also offer post tax registration support services where we offer companies tax services such as tax planning, tax computations, tax return preparation, tax return submission, tax clearance generation, tax clearance renewal as well as tax audits and other tax services.

It is mandatory for all companies to register for tax and failure to do so means that the business is in breach of the law incurring penalties each day it is in breach. However these penalties are totally avoidable by just complying with the law.

ZIMRA E-taxes platform

The Zimbabwe Revenue Authority has introduced the E-taxes platform for the convenience of taxpayers. This system is currently working parallel to the E-services platform. The system was introduced to mitigate against the compliance costs associated with submission of returns and as a mitigating measure against technical challenges being faced by taxpayers, especially with the E-Services online filing platform. The system is also convenient as it supports the submission of returns in ZWL and in USD.

The functions of the E-Taxes platform

  • Submission of tax returns
  • Viewing of tax submissions

The system is also being developed to be able to help the taxpayer view their compliance status and send the taxpayer their tax clearance certificate to their master data email. One may wonder who is eligible to register on the E-Taxes platform? Fortunately, Every taxpayer who is registered with the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority is eligible to register on the E-taxes platform and enjoy this convenient system. The registration on this process is much like that of the e-services platform with the exception that with the E-taxes system does not require secondary approval from ZIMRA since the taxpayer will already have been registered for tax.

What is required to register for E-taxes?

  • Taxpayer’s Registered  Business Partner Number (BP Number)
  • Taxpayer’s registered email (master data email)
  • Full Name of Public officer
  • Cell number

The E-taxes is currently working parallel to the E-services platform and offers the option to submit tax returns in multi currency. The incidence of failed returns using this system is minimal and with the system still undergoing continuous improvement, the submission of tax returns is bound to be even more convenient.

Change in VAT Rate for 2023

Did you know that the rate of VAT has now changed from the 14.5% which was prevailing, to 14% which is effective from 1 January 2023. This change in VAT means that all transactions have to be treated accordingly and the change prompts an adjustment of fiscal devices so that the VAT is charged correctly. All VAT registered operators are mandated to comply with this directive.

With regards to VAT for registered operators in Category A (period Dec-Jan) the VAT for the period 23A1 comprises of months in which VAT was charged at different rates. The Zimbabwe Revenue Authority has therefore directed that the return be split into two with the one for the month of December being submitted manually while the one for the period January 2023 being submitted using the E-filing or E-taxes platform.

Zimra- Withholding Tax (WHT) in Zimbabwe

WHT is in terms Section 80 of the Income Tax Act (Chapter 23:06) and in terms of the same section, a 30% withholding tax is deductible from all amounts payable to all persons who enter into contracts without a valid tax clearance certificate (ITF 263). [Section 80 (2)]

This applies to persons who enter into contracts with the State or a statutory body, a quasi-Government institution and taxpayers who are registered with the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority.

Failure to withhold tax as mandated by the Act is an offense at law. It is important to register with ZIMRA and comply with the tax laws and obtain a valid tax clearance certificate to avoid the 30% WHT on contracts.

Where a trader has withheld any amount in terms of subsection (2) of the Act, he shall furnish the payee concerned with a certificate, in a form approved by the Commissioner, showing the amount so withheld. It is an offense to withhold tax and then fail to remit the tax so withheld to ZIMRA. Withholding tax returns therefore have to be filed and the tax withheld has to be remitted.

It is important to comply with WHT legislation as failure to do so has punitive implications. Sabarm is there to make sure that your company is compliant in all tax matters. The Sabarm Total Tax package is the solution to all your tax matters.

Business Formalization with Sabarm Business Solutions

Company Registration in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe’s economy is SME and Micro driven businesses driven. For any business to be poised for growth and expansion, it requires formalization in order to attract meaningful business and investment.


Sabarm Business Solutions offers competent, efficient and excellent Company Secretarial Services in Zimbabwe. To date we have registered over two thousand companies and we take pleasure in the feedback we have been getting over the period of time we have been in business which has been fulfilling. Our turnaround time for company registration service has over the years remained at an average of three (3) working days.


Company Registration/ Incorporation is one of foundations of a successful business and as such should be done with the highest degree of competency in accordance with the laws and regulations of the jurisdiction in which the company is being incorporated. We are a company that one can entrust with their company secretarial work as our team is well knowledgeable with the laws that govern company incorporation and is capable to efficiently execute and effectively/ competently do so.


There are two types of companies that one can register, which are a Private Limited and a Private Business Corporation (PBC). The Private Business Corporation was introduced to have all businesses at least formalised as it requires a leaner budget to register as compared to a Private Limited. A PBC can also be registered by a sole trader as it can be registered by a single member.


Other Company Secretarial Statutory Requirement Services

When a company is registered in Zimbabwe, the law requires that Annual Returns (AR) be filed with the office of the Registrar of Companies annually. These are meant to furnish the Registrar with information regarding developments within the company. This is a requirement which most companies fail to comply with mainly because they just don’t know about it but failure to do is costly in late submission penalties and can result in a company being struck off the Registrar’s register.


Why a Business must be Formalised

Registering your business as either Private Limited or PBC have so many advantages that a listed below:

  • Formalised business stands a much greater chance to win big orders from corporates or tenders from government owned enterprises
  • A Registered Company will stand a chance to unlock loans and other funding from would be investors/ partners
  • Government laws ordinarily respects and favours Registered Companies than informal traders
  • Registered Companies are able to grow quicker than informal businesses



  • Company Registration
  • Name search
  • Preparation and filing of Annual Returns (AR)
  • Change of Directors
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Allotment of shares
  • Transfer of shares


Sabarm Business Solutions will take you through all stages and spare you both direct and indirect costs that comes with non-compliance of formalised businesses and of running an informal business.

How to Change Company Name in Zimbabwe

Did you know that you can change your company if you no longer desire to use it for any reason. A company or private business corporation that wishes to change its name should first obtain the written approval from the Registrar. This is in terms of section 26 of the Companies and Other Business Entities Act Chapter [24:31]. The process is a bit lengthy but with the right professionals handling it for you its very easy. the following are the steps for changing the company name in terms of the Act.

Stages in change of company name

  1. Get written  approval from the registrar for the change of name
  2. The company  shall publish in the Gazette and in a daily newspaper circulating in the district in which the registered office of the company is situated an advertisement stating the change of name, and shall then apply for a certificate of change of name.
  3. The Registrar’s office  shall enter the new name in the register in place of the former name.
  4. Upon the application in writing of a registered business entity that has changed its name in terms of Section 26 of the Act and on production of the certificate of change of name, a Registrar of Deeds or mining commissioner, or other officer responsible for the registration of deeds or mining titles, shall make such alterations in his or her registers and on any title deeds and other documents evidencing title as may be necessary as a result of the changed name.

The change of company name does not affect any right or obligation of the registered business entity, or render defective any legal proceedings by or against the entity, and any legal proceedings that might have been continued or commenced by or against it under its former name may be continued or commenced under its new name. You therefore  do not lose any rights or property, neither can you evade your creditors by changing the name of the company.




Get Import Licenses in Zimbabwe

What is an Import license

An import license is a document issued by a national government authorizing the importation of certain goods into its territory. Import licenses are a statutory requirement in terms of the laws of Zimbabwe. However not all imports require an import licenses, for example goods classified as COVID 19  essential goods can be imported without an import license in terms of  Statutory Instrument number 90 of 2020.

Why do some goods require import licenses?

Imports are the main source of goods from outside the country and the reason why some goods require import licenses is to control the importation of goods. Such controls are done in the interest of the public and are meant to protect the consumer against things like dangerous and harmful drugs and substances and to protect the environment as well as to protect local businesses from foreign competition.

Requirements for an Import license

  • Certificate of incorporation
  • CR6 (Formerly CR14) showing company directors
  • Tax clearance certificate (ITF263)
  • Copy of standard development fund levy receipt
  • Proforma invoice for the imports

You do not have to smuggle your goods. Get in touch with Sabarm Business Solutions to day and let us help your business obtain an import license so that you can import your goods within the confines of the law.


NSSA Registration and NSSA Clearance certificates

What is NSSA?

In terms of the National Social Security Act [Chapter 17:04], NSSA contributions are compulsory and all employers must register within 30 days of becoming an employer, by completing employer registration form P2 and ensure that employees complete employee registration form P3.

Failure to comply with the provisions of the Act including failure to register is an offense and offenders will be prosecuted in terms of Section 48(1) and 48(5) where the penalties include a jail sentence.

NSSA pensions and other benefits

For NSSA pensions and other benefits, the employer and the employer both contribute 4.5% of the total earnings. This means that the total paid is 9% of the total earnings of the employee.


what is a NSSA Clearance Certificate?

A NSSA Clearance Certificate is a certificate issued by the National Social Security Authority [NSSA] to registered employers liable for NSSA contributions, under any of the Acts administered by the National Social Security Authority. The certificate is issued upon request from employers whose contribution accounts are up-to-date or has made alternative debt settlement arrangement with NSSA.

What are the benefits of NSSA Clearance Certificate?

  • NSSA Clearance Certificate is required when bidding for tenders.
  • It acts as an assurance that, the trading partner’s employees are adequately covered by social security schemes as enshrined under Section 12 of the Accident Prevention & Workers’ Compensation Scheme SI 68 of 1990.
  • A NSSA Clearance Certificate is a pre-requisite when applying for licences issued by local authorities.
  • Business counterparts have confidence in doing business with companies who are compliant to statutory obligations

What is required to obtain a NSSA Clearance Certificate?

  • The Employer’s account must be up-to-date in terms of contributions & premiums.
  • Employers with outstanding legacy debt, must make alternative debt settlement arrangement, approved by NSSA.
  • The Employer must furnish all statutory returns particularly P4 return or make satisfactory arrangements with NSSA for the furnishing of such returns.

Tax in farming for farmers in Zimbabwe

As farming is gaining prominence and more and more people are realizing the value of farming as a source of income and as a career its important to note that farming is a business and is recognized by the law as a trade.

What is a farmer?

For tax purposes a farmer is any person who derives income from pastoral/agricultural or other farming activities, including any person who derives income from the letting of a farm used for such purposes. [Section 2(1)  of the Income Tax Act] In terms of the law, such person is liable to pay tax. However not to fear, the tax laws are very soft towards farmers as they seek to promote farming in the country.

If you are a farmer as defined you must register with the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (ZIMRA) and pay your taxes in terms of the Act.

what are the tax obligations of a farmer Obligations of a farmer?

  • Registering for Income Tax ,PAYE and VAT as and when you become liable to register
  • Keeping accurate records of transactions;
  • Retaining records for up to 6 years
  • Remitting taxes by the due dates;
  • Submitting tax returns by the due dates;
  • Furnishing information as requested by Zimbabwe Revenue Authority (ZIMRA

As mentioned earlier, the government is always seeking to promote agriculture. This is also evident in the tax laws passed which seek to promote farmers. Did you know that farmers have special deductions in terms of section 15 (2) (z) As read with paragraph 2 of the 7th Schedule of the Income tax Act? . These are specifically meant to make sure that the tax paid by farmers is minimized.

what are the special tax deductions for farmers?

  • Costs incurred in works for the prevention of soil erosion (planting of trees, ridging, etc.)
  • Any water conservation works
  • The stumping and clearing of land for farming purposes.
  • The sinking of boreholes and wells
  • Aerial and geophysical surveys.
  • Fencing used in farming operations.

Farming is also a business and like any other business, there are tax issues. Let us take care of the tax aspects of your farming business and you can focus on your farming. Contact us for more information.


Quarterly Payment dates – QPDs

Most people shy away from registering with ZIMRA for fear of paying taxes. In as much as businesses which are registered with ZIMRA are liable to pay taxes, it is important to note that it is the obligation of all businesses to pay taxes and failure to do so would be a breach of law in terms of the Income tax Act. Most people also have the misconception that once you are registered with ZIMRA you are now supposed to pay taxes whether you make a profit or not. Contrary to this widely accepted notion, that is not the case. Tax is charged on profits and therefore if you are not trading or if you are not making any profit there is no tax that is paid by your company.

Another misconception is that tax is paid all at once to ZIMRA. However this again is false. Did you know that tax is not paid all at once? Yes, contrary to most perceptions, tax is actually paid in bits as the year progresses. Tax is paid in percentages throughout the year on what are referred to as quarterly payment dates (QPDs).

What are QPDs?

QPDs are quarterly payment dates and these are the dates throughout the year on which tax is paid. Tax is paid provisionally and the provisional Tax payable is based on the respective estimated annual tax due. The ITF 12B form, which is a return for provisional tax payments, has to be completed in respect of these payments.
The quarterly payment dates and the percentage of tax due for each tax year are as follows.
1st QPD -25th March-10%
2nd QPD – 25th June -25%
3rd QPD- 25th September -30%
4th QPD-20th December -35%
Do not fear ZIMRA registration, stay compliant and avoid breaching the law. Contact Sabarm today and let us handle all the tax issues while you focus on running your business.